Republicans Propose Commission to Study Artificial Intelligence Impacts on National Security

Three Republican members of Congress are co-sponsoring a new bill (H.R. 5356) “To establish the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence.” Introduced by Rep. Stefanik (R-NY) on March 20, 2018, the bill would create a temporary 11-member Commission tasked with producing an initial report followed by comprehensive annual reports, each providing issue-specific recommendations about national security needs and related risks from advances in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and associated technologies.

Issues the Commission would review include AI competitiveness in the context of national and economic security, means to maintain a competitive advantage in AI (including machine learning and quantum computing), other country AI investment trends, workforce and education incentives to boost the number of AI workers, risks of advances in the military employment of AI by foreign countries, ethics, privacy, and data security, among others.

Unlike other Congressional bills of late (see H.R. 4625–FUTURE of AI Act; H.R. 4829–AI JOBS Act) that propose establishing committees under Executive Branch departments and constituted with both government employees and private citizens, H.R. 5356 would establish an independent Executive Branch commission made up exclusively of Federal employees appointed by Department of Defense and various Armed Services Committee members, with no private citizen members (ostensibly because of national security and security clearance issues).

Congressional focus on AI technologies has generally been limited to highly autonomous vehicles and vehicle safety, with other areas, such as military impacts, receiving much less attention. By way of contrast, the UK’s Parliament seems far ahead. The UK Parliament Select Committee on AI has already met over a dozen times since mid-2017 and its members have convened numerous public meetings to hear from dozens of experts and stakeholders representing various disciplines and economic sectors.