News and Analysis of Artificial Intelligence Technology Legal Issues
Woman's face with landmarks used in facial recognition

Congress, States Introduce New Laws for Facial Recognition, Face Data – Part 2

In Part I, new proposed federal and state laws governing the collection, storage, and use of face (biometric) data in connection with facial recognition technology were described.  If enacted, those new laws would join Illinois’ Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA), California’s Consumer Data Privacy Act (CCPA), and Texas’ “biometric identifier” regulations in the governance of face-related data.  It is reasonable for businesses to assume that other state laws and regulations will follow, and with them a shifting legal landscape creating uncertainty and potential legal risks.  A thoughtful and proactive approach to managing the risks associated with the use of facial…

Woman's face with landmarks used in facial recognition

Congress, States Introduce New Laws for Facial Recognition, Face Data – Part I

Companies developing artificial intelligence-based products and services have been on the lookout for laws and regulations aimed at their technology.  In the case of facial recognition, new federal and state laws seem closer than ever.  Examples include Washington State’s recent data privacy and facial recognition bill (SB 5376; recent action on March 6, 2019) and the federal Commercial Facial Recognition Privacy Act of 2019 (S. 847, introduced March 14, 2019).  If enacted, these new laws would join others like Illinois’ Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA) and California’s Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) in governing facial recognition systems and the collection, storage,…

A graphic depicting a series of schematic humanoid robots

AI’s Problems Attract More Congressional Attention

As contentious political issues continue to distract Congress before the November midterm elections, federal legislative proposals aimed at governing artificial intelligence (AI) have largely stalled in the Senate and House.  Since December 2017, nine AI-focused bills, such as the AI Reporting Act of 2018 (AIR Act) and the AI in Government Act of 2018, have been waiting for congressional committee attention.  Even so, there has been a noticeable uptick in the number of individual federal lawmakers looking at AI’s problems, a sign that the pendulum may be swinging in the direction favoring regulation of AI technologies. Those lawmakers taking a serious look…

A graphical depiction of data points (circles) classified into green (solid) and yellow (dots) regions

Will “Leaky” Machine Learning Usher in a New Wave of Lawsuits?

A computer science professor at Cornell University has a new twist on Marc Andreessen’s 2011 pronouncement that software is “eating the world.”  According to Vitaly Shmatikov, it is “machine learning [that] is eating the world” today.  His personification is clear: machine learning and other applications of artificial intelligence are disrupting society at a rate that shows little sign of leveling off.  With increasing numbers of companies and individual developers producing customer-facing AI systems, it seems all but inevitable that some of those systems will create unintended and unforeseen consequences, including harm to individuals and society at large.  Researchers like Shmatikov…

California Jury to Decide if Facebook’s Deep Learning Facial Recognition Creates Regulated Biometric Information

Following a recent decision issued by Judge James Donato of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, a jury to be convened in San Francisco in July will decide whether a Facebook artificial intelligence technology creates regulated “biometric information” under Illinois’ Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA).  In some respects, the jury’s decision could reflect general sentiment toward AI during a time when vocal opponents of AI have been widely covered in the media.  The outcome could also affect how US companies, already impacted by Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), view their use of AI technologies to…

In Your Face Artificial Intelligence: Regulating the Collection and Use of Face Data (Part II)

The technologies behind “face data” collection, detection, recognition, and affect (emotion) analysis were previously summarized. Use cases for face data, and reported concerns about the proliferation of face data collection efforts and instances of face data misuse were also briefly discussed. In this follow-on post, a proposed “face data” definition is explored from a governance perspective, with the purpose of providing more certainty as to when heightened requirements ought to be imposed on those involved in face data collection, storage, and use.  This proposal is motivated in part by the increased risk of identity theft and other instances of misuse…

How Privacy Law’s Beginnings May Suggest An Approach For Regulating Artificial Intelligence

A survey conducted in April 2017 by Morning Consult suggests most Americans are in favor of regulating artificial intelligence technologies. Of 2,200 American adults surveyed, 71% said they strongly or somewhat agreed that there should be national regulation of AI, while only 14% strongly or somewhat disagreed (15% did not express a view). Technology and business leaders speaking out on whether to regulate AI fall into one of two camps: those who generally favor an ex post, case-by-case, common law approach, and those who prefer establishing a statutory and regulatory framework that, ex ante, sets forth clear do’s and don’ts…